What is composting? Natural breakdown of organic matter such as food waste (e.g. Banana peel), leaves, paper, wood into valuable fertilizer (known as compost)
Micro-organisms like bacteria, fungus breakdown the organic matter into simple substances.
Composting takes 2 months to few months. Final product is called humus.
Housing societies & establishments in Mumbai that generate waste of 100 kg or who have area of 20,000 sq meter or more need to set up composting units for wet waste.
BMC will fine INR 15,000 for flouting waste management rules.
This way the food waste will not go to landfills where decomposition happens without air which leads to production of dangerous methane gas.